Animal Behaviour Studies

Study animal behaviour and communication in different situations and environments, individually or as a community

Record vocal activity to study how animals communicate with one another and are impacted by other elements in an environment, ultimately determining larger behavioural trends.

Challenges of Manual Data Collection When Studying Animal Behaviour in a Natural Habitat

Habitat Disturbance

No matter how unintrusive, researchers may inadvertently influence the environment which they are studying. Human presence may cause animals to retreat or alter their communication networks and trapping methods may be detectable by target species, influencing survey findings.

Observer Bias

Manual data collection relies too heavily on chance. In other words, data is limited by what can be observed by an individual – lacking true objectivity and increasing risk for errors in data.

Restricted Monitoring

Manually monitoring nocturnal wildlife may be difficult due to lack of cues for estimating distances and risks associated with operating in the dark. Likewise, monitoring sites that are tricky to access, or where visual detection is reduced (e.g., areas of heavily dense vegetation like rainforests), is also difficult when collecting data manually.

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How Bioacoustics Tools Solve These Challenges

Long-Term Wildlife Monitoring

Acoustics recorders can be scheduled to run for extended periods of time – providing permanent records of animal vocalisations. Additionally, passive acoustics allows researchers to monitor several sites at the same time. These records can be objectively analysed and referenced as necessary to study animal behaviour over time.

Reduced Costs

While it would be expensive, and virtually impossible, to manually monitor numerous sites at the same time, acoustic recordings are a cost-effective way to simultaneously gather data from multiple sites.

Data Insights

Vocalisations can serve as behavioural indicators that provide insight into animal populations and their conservation.

Minimal Human Disturbance on Habitat

Without human presence, it’s possible to record real habitat conditions with minimal disturbance. In addition to gathering reliable data, unattended recorders also provide a greater chance of capturing shy and elusive species along with rare or cryptic behaviours.


Sound recordings allow for repeated listening by multiple experts, enabling data to be scrutinized objectively. Additionally, acoustics recorders offer a greater degree of standardisation in data collection because they mitigate the risk of different observer abilities.


Recorders can be left and retrieved at any time of day, making data collection more flexible and allowing researchers to devote more time to other projects.


When monitoring nocturnal wildlife, acoustics recorders can be deployed during the day in areas that are difficult or dangerous to access. This helps researchers avoid the risks of manually collecting data at night.

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In the spirit of reconciliation, Faunatech acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and their connections to land, sea and community. We pay our respect to Elders past and present and extend that respect to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples today.